Landscape photographers teach you to shoot at night
21 evenings you see the Orion meteor shower yet? It is stated that under ideal conditions, about 20 meteors per hour across the sky! Wishing to raise you one hour 20 times! Many photographers Kangshang favorite equipment out, took a lot of beautiful photos. Let those of us who not see the meteor shower over an eye addiction. If you are a photography enthusiast, more a chase starry heart, you can read article, Canadian Geographic Photography Competition first prize winner to tell you how to shoot night scenery.
Night light from the point of view of landscape photography is the most change, but also the most difficult to cope with them. Compared to the daytime, less bright this time, the focus is not only a problem, cast, sharpness, exposure control, etc. have various difficulties. I will light this time period are summarized in the following several cases, handling each situation is different, namely: sunset rays within an hour after the full moon night light, half light at night, after dark moon light, let us examine what their next application.
Sunset light within an hour
Light within one hour after sunset also called Twilight, which is an hour before sunrise and the light is similar except that different trends. At this time, the sun has completely below the horizon, but the sky there are micro-light, which is a metaphor for the gray dawn in many literary works, in fact, this time by the sun’s afterglow light in the upper atmosphere caused by the reflection, so phase compared with other periods of the day weakest, but also light and contrast ratio minimum, so that the twilight photographers to manufacture a good light environment, at this time, basically a single chip without the need for complex exposure merge. And yet this time because the night, the afterglow of the sun is brighter than the moon, the phases of the moon cannot cause any impact on the subject. So at this time we twilight which principal photography theme and what needs attention? I will divide it into three cases, the first case is when the sun is still slightly in the red again in the horizon, this time shooting a touch of red and blue tones of the best scenery, illustrated in figure 1. –www.fsbus.com
As can be observed in the view of a people, the color of the sky has been so wonderful is better justified at sunset, but the blue-violet tone and do not have a flavor. In performing these works, when, in general only a single exposure and metering centered ruler like. Nonetheless, sometimes if a scene contains a long exposure of water or other bright side objects, it may take more than one exposure fusion.
The second situation is not much sky red residue, which generally appears in the clouds more time. This time shooting dark blue-black tone best shown in figure 2.
The work was taken in less than an hour after sunset, but the sky is covered with clouds, so there is no red, but also darker than normal, need to pay attention this time to increase the ISO and shoot the iris, exposure would be difficult to correct. Another point to note is that, due to the thick clouds, the sun’s afterglow at high altitude reflective difficult to be seen, so Twilight duration shorter than usual, which requires us to seize the moment to shoot, because in this night It will soon come under the case.
The third case is actually applied to the first two cases. When we need to take Xinggui or when the Galaxy was light there may be too dark or too light ratio (especially when the full moon), so that we can make in addition to the stars than normal exposure, correct exposure can not prospects, and if we borrow the foreground merge exposure when shooting Twilight and shot entirely at night sky merge, we can ensure that the entire film exposure evenly, color uniform, so that the third application is in the foreground of this time of the shooting stars .
Night after the full moon light
Night after the full moon light is slightly different in different weather conditions, we discuss only the moon shone down through the clouds, and see the moon for completely cloudy case, because there is little value to shoot, so I will not go into here .
Full moon night light is strongest, it can be understood as the midday sun during the day and night map, which often result in strong contrast to the scene of the ground so as to produce large dead black dead white, but also make a lot of dark sky Astral, please works shot with Figure III a full moon.
From painting we can see, the full moon photographs as bright as day, and the prospect of a significant contrast, large areas of black and white looks very natural. Therefore, under the full moon conditions are not able to shoot the Galaxy, but for shooting trails of stars, the full moon is not necessarily a bad thing, because the full moon when the sky is only the brightest stars can form some of the track, while dark stars because the moonlight reduce the brightness, but would not reveal the screen, and this will form a very good neat and not messy Xinggui, from an artistic point of view than the sky dense Xinggui more ornamental value.
Ingenue works see figure forty-one moon shot.
Here Xinggui number of small, but shape such as drizzle, actually more aesthetic than the arc of the sky. For other subjects, such as Aurora, full moon effect is not good, unless it is particularly bright aurora, and light pollution often requires very thick clouds with color, the moon often less affected at this time, unless it is the emergence of the direction of light pollution and the direction of the moon in the sky the same, and for shooting moonlight, the full moon is an ideal fit, especially the case with clouds, moonlit, transmitted through the clouds, but a kind of hazy feeling. Figure V is cloudy full moonlight.
Night after the half light
Similar light at night and a half months and the full moon, there are the moonlight makes foreground objects contrast enhanced, while the sky is very bright, is not suitable for shooting the Galaxy, but brighter than the full moon weaker degree, so there will be more when shooting Xinggui many stars emerge, while promising contrast slightly weakened. Figure VI is a half filming Xinggui.
We find that more time and a half months Xinggui number, which is due to more stars emerge in the faint moonlight sake. For other on the subject, we can half the cases and treat with a full moon.
Night after the new moon light
New moon night is the best night photographers shooting conditions, especially coupled with cloudless weather conditions, pollution moonless sky, bright galaxy, the Milky Way if it is taken, as long as the correct parameters, clearly visible bright jade, and you can shoot Xinggui starry trajectory shots are collected, Aurora at this time is also the brightest, green, pink dancing in the sky, shining moment solidified shape, and light pollution will need to shoot with clouds but as long as the visible color appears in the picture of the effect will be very good, of course, not the only shooting was a moonlit night, the moon itself is completely invisible form.
Overall, as long as no new Moonlight urban light pollution and vehicles, all of the light source is starry or northern lights, this means that the time taken to capture these themes to their brightest state, but because of the brightness of stars and aurora We are very limited, so in addition to other scenery sky will not shoot down, up only appear silhouette, so proper use of combined exposure is to achieve a uniform exposure of the opponents.
Preferences night shooting
Shooting at night dim light, but also very particular about the selection parameters, in general, I use full manual exposure at this time like, that is, the camera’s M files, and then guess the parameters depending on the circumstances of the moon, then after the interval to try to guess Finally, determine the final piece of the parameters to take effect.
Here is what I guess my personal summary of the different parameters of the night under the light.
If it is after sunset twilight within an hour, I would choose the aperture range from 5.6 to 9 and then select ISO 400. Shutter this time I do not particularly pay attention to, unless there is a specific purpose, such as water or slow shutter blur door quickly to prevent the wind shaking objects. Besides, I just use the shutter to achieve a level of exposure, such as intermediate files, a high profile, high two steps, which is actually very much like the use of aperture priority mode in combination and exposure compensation, aperture priority only in very dim light the case metering scale are not allowed, so I changed it to use full manual exposure. In addition, as filming Twilight periods are likely to be exposed Later on we used to do with the merger, so a single exposure is not insurance, we can try to adjust the aperture between 5.6 and 9, choose 400 different ISO, the shutter can be adjusted accordingly has reached -1, +1, + 2,0, etc. exposure situation.
Full moon and a half months due to the relatively similar preferences, I am here together is, in general, when the moon is very bright, we can use the parameters of the film during the day, but should reduce the number of indicators, such as the iris, I We will choose 8, ISO 200 or 400 or, if the shutter or light according to the time to choose, as long as no more than 30 seconds, on the scale from -2 to +2 exposure can try.
Crescent parameters are relatively complex because the two relate to the prospects and the sky exposure, my approach is the same as in the Twilight Twilight time exposure parameters several times, just like the parameters just mentioned, Aperture 5.6 to 9 , ISO 400 to select the shutter as long as no more than 30 seconds, the value fluctuates up and down until the exposure occurs in a range, such as -2 to +2. Then wait until after nightfall, the Milky Way, or other astronomical phenomena rising from the sky, I would choose 2.8 aperture, ISO 2000 from the beginning again, until the end of 4000, while the choice of shutter have more stress, unless it is taken Xinggui, other new Star month of shooting stars we do not want to pull out of the track, which requires us to know the maximum value of the shutter, the sky will appear more than this value Xinggui. This value has a simple formula is: = 500 maximum shutter / focal length
If the shutter exceeds this maximum, there will be track stars in the sky, if you are shooting the Milky Way, the stars of the track will create a blurred effect, the decision to use different focal lengths that we can choose the maximum shutter, for example, I often use end 14mm lens shutter maximum is 500/14 = 35 seconds, and I was not generally use B door, so the maximum shutter is 30 seconds, so I shot the Galaxy will not appear trajectory. This parameter selection method can shoot the stars. Aurora, light pollution, etc. In addition to Xinggui object corresponding application.
Preferences Xinggui shooting relatively speaking is a unique process, because the method I have chosen is a multiple merger Xinggui, rather than a single exposure pull Xinggui benefit of this approach is that the brightness of each exposure is the ultimate exposure of brightness, except that the stars appeared in the track, so the selection of parameters, as long as a single take optimal exposure like, because I generally like the full moon or half shooting Xinggui, so the parameters when I will be placed in the aperture 8, shutter 30 seconds, ISO400 to 1000 dollars.